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Empowering Uganda's Youth to Be Job Creators

Earlier this year our MTW team in Uganda responded To the World Bank who was seeking a partner to deliver training to potential young entrepreneurs. We won the competition by delivering the same program we have been providing to other Ugandans (based on Regent University's curriculum). The following article by The World Bank tells the story of the Business Development Center's first graduating class.

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Republished with permission from The World Bank.

KAMPALA, August 4, 2015 - Youth unemployment is a serious problem on the African continent, where the share of the population of young people between the ages of 15-24 is rapidly growing, but not in tandem with the job market

Uganda has one of the youngest and most rapidly growing populations in the world and preparing them for productive jobs is a social and political priority for the government. About 53% of Uganda's population is younger than 15, well above Sub-Saharan Africa's average of 43.2%. About 500,000 people are expected to enter the labor market every year, hence the number of new entrants into the labor force will be growing and will be younger in the next few decades; currently, 64% of the unemployed are aged 24 and under.

To tackle the problem of job creation, a diverse team of young professionals from multiple multinational development institutions have initiated a youth entrepreneurship program in Kampala. The Connect to Implement Development project (C2iDev), aims to help young entrepreneurs from various stages of life and business development develop their ideas into jobs. C2iDev is also a winning project of the World Bank Group's 2015 Youth Innovation Fund, which provides opportunities for young Bank staff to design and implement youth development projects in client countries.

"Winning the Youth Innovation fund was very important as it has given us an opportunity as young staff of the World Bank Group to collectively work on projects that provide grassroots solutions to pressing issues," said Yvonne Kirabo of the C2iDev team. "Through the Connect to Implement project, we are identifying gaps and leveraging opportunities to solve problems that young entrepreneurs in Uganda face, such as inadequate business training."

As part of the entrepreneurship project, C2iDev partnered with the Business Development Center Uganda (BDC) to provide such business training to young entrepreneurs ages 18-30.

Through a competitive application process, 27 select youth were funded to go through 10 weeks of intensive training in market analysis, financial planning, and business plan development, among other business topics, to learn how to transform their burgeoning business ideas into reality. BDC facilitators have been conducting training programs to tackle youth unemployment through entrepreneurship for the past seven years, with a special focus on addressing gender and income inequality.

Moses Engwau, Executive Director of BDC, underscored the value of the partnership.

"The BDC trains, nurtures, and supports entrepreneurs as they launch, grow and operate successful businesses. The training offered by C2iDev to Uganda's youth greatly enhances and compliments our goal to reach such youth with training and business development support," Enguwau said. "By offering training opportunities, C2i has ensured a higher rate of survival for new businesses. The mentoring component of the project also ensures that more youth are reached with the training, and that the impact is multiplied."`

Pitching the Best Idea

The 10-week training culminated into a Shark Tank-inspired event last month in Kampala. The newly-minted entrepreneurs were given the opportunity to present their business pitches to a panel of judges, potential angel investors and mentors. The panel of judges was comprised of seasoned business professionals, bankers, and consultants, including Moses Kibirige, Senior Development Specialist in the Trade and Competitiveness GP, and Sylvestre Hakiza, IT officer in Information and Technology Services for East and Central Africa. Honorable Evelyn Anite, Ugandan State Minister for Youth and Children, was the Chief Guest of Honor and presented the awards at the closing ceremony. She conveyed words of inspiration for the youth and their futures.

"Be determined, work hard, create visibility - the most important thing is visibility," Ms. Anite advised. "If you believe in yourself, if you know what you're doing is the right thing, you will convince people to start believing in you and getting what you want. There is no one who cannot succeed."

The final 10 entrepreneurs were given a chance to compete for seed money from the C2iDev team, as well as guided mentorship. Projects in the top 10 included a 3D animation marketing service and a one-stop shop for IT solutions, catering to the Ugandan market.

The first place project was an innovative African print shoe business, Buqisi-Ruux or "Queen of the Village," which designs high heels with African fabrics. The focus of the business is to sell quality footwear in vibrant prints which speaks to the diversity of the women of Africa and their multiplicity of languages, beauty and culture.

"Winning the business competition taught me that hard work and a thirst for knowledge pays off. I can now confidently say that I have a foundation in the various concepts that are important to grow for a successful business," said Nuba Elamin, co-founder of Buqisi-Ruux Collections.

"Projects like C2iDev are extremely important in working towards solving high rates of unemployment. I went into business for that very reason but it is very likely that without the opportunity to learn the important aspects of business which were made available through the training, my business would have struggled to become a success."

Second and third place winners were a peanut butter manufacturing company and a cloth bag production enterprise, both aimed at providing people with locally sourced products. Bugisi-Ruux will receive $1,000 in seed funding, while the second and third projects will receive $800 and $700 respectively. The remaining creative projects will receive $500.

In order to avail of this capital, the finalists are required to train at least two other youths from their community on how to grow their own ideas into a business. This will ensure that the trained entrepreneurs pass on their knowledge and gained expertise, contributing towards a multiplier effect, through new start-ups and jobs.

"Our goal is to invest in the youth by connecting them to mentors, markets, training and access to capital. By doing so we want to do our own part in designing innovative solutions to end extreme poverty and boost shared prosperity," stated Nisma Elias of the C2iDev team.

For the Youth by the Youth

C2iDev is the brainchild of a group of young professionals from the World Bank Group, International Monetary Fund, Inter-American Development Bank, and the African Development Bank. Originally conceived by Yvonne Kirabo (Uganda), Frederick Arthur (Ghana), Christian Gonzales (Honduras), and Odoma Ogbadu (Nigeria), the team expanded to Alejandra Lopez (Colombia), Nisma Elias (Bangladesh) and Kerri Whittington (Barbados).

Christian Gonzales explained the impetus behind the project. "We realized we didn't have to be superheroes to fight youth unemployment. All we needed to do was to take action. And that's how C2iDev was born." The team is currently exploring opportunities to deepen and scale-up the project to empower more youth around the world.

For more information on the C2iDev project please visit http://c2idev.org/ or email c2idev@worldbank.org.

Originally published by The World Bank at http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2015/08/04/empowering-ugandas-youth-to-be-job-creators.  Republished with permission.

 
From Fear to Faith

Zoilo, an 87-year-old Spaniard, couldn’t imagine that God loved him. Though he grew up believing in God, Zoilo’s faith echoed the experience of many of his generation who were required to attend church—it was based in fear. 

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Imagine living in a village so isolated that there is no electricity, no running water, and limited medical care. The only institution is the local church, yet despite the stability it offers, the anxiety it produces is even greater. This was life for millions of Spaniards a mere 40 years ago. And this worldview is a reality that the MTW Spain church-planting team takes into account as they build relationships with men and women who are skeptical of church. 

I recall my youth in church was one of constant fear," said Zoilo. "I feared I would fail to obey God or the commands of the Church. I recall a feeling of pollution in everything I did and touched."

Maria, a stylish 70-year-old woman who has gotten to know the MTW team, echoed a similar thought. "I have lived two lives," she explained. "The first half knew only isolation, fear, and the Church. It was like the Middle Ages. Then, boom, the modern world arrived."

A unique challenge
The lasting effects of a legalistic church background combined with the atheism that younger generations embrace poses a unique challenge for the MTW team. Many younger people in Spain have abandoned religion and instead focus on their careers or simply having a good life. 

People over 40 resent the Church for the bitter treatment they received growing up, and those under 40 reject those religious traditions because they see no connection to real life," said Robert Tanzie, an MTW missionary who has served in Spain since 2008. Tanzie recalled his friend Javier admitting, "I wish I could believe. I just can’t."

But there is good news. For many, the political and religious freedom of the last few decades has opened their hearts to the freeing grace of God. Despite the hardened, stony ground of this post- Christian nation, the MTW Spain team has launched or re-launched seven churches. They’ve also expanded MTW’s work, offering training and resources to over 20 churches throughout the country. And most importantly, they have helped people like Zoilo move from fear to faith in a loving God.

A few years ago Zoilo discovered God’s relentless love for him through Redeemer Cathedral, one of the Anglican churches that the MTW team has formed a relationship with. Zoilo is now a regular at Tanzie’s weekly Bible study and an active church member. 

"I learned how much God loves me!" said Zoilo. "Who could imagine that God loves me? I now know that this is true, and only want to give Him thanks for his gift of Jesus."

 
Shattered by Love at Casa Hogar
By Jesse Miller

A child plops onto my lap. He gazes up at me, his irises glimmer, and he pokes a finger at my Coke. My nod signifies permission and thirst forces the drink to his lips. The last sip drips onto his tongue. He glances up at me and passes me the bottle. Innocence greets me in his eyes.

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He nestles his face into my neck and his heart pounds against my chest. Love binds me to him. Language severs us and miles attempt to disconnect us, but love compels us to forget barriers. We sacrifice pride for vulnerability in this moment. Nobody sees, nobody judges, and nobody feels the force of love that binds our differences.

Reluctant beginnings
I was 16 when my parents first mentioned going to Acapulco with my church. I was living a charade, a bitter contradiction. Inside, I felt hopeless, hardened, stubborn, cold. Outside, I pretended that I was happy, that I knew who God was, all for the sake of fitting in at my Christian school and not embarrassing my family. I figured that I might as well go to sunny Mexico, where part of my family was from. That would make me a good person right? 

A few months later when I arrived in Acapulco, I found myself startled by the state of the city. As our massive bus wound through mountains and down the bustling coast, we passed poverty-stricken slums then four-star hotels, destitution and then luxury. Upon reaching Casa Hogar, I started to question what I had signed up for. I don’t know what I was expecting, but it wasn’t the bland concrete buildings and antiquated wrought iron fences. I wasn’t expecting life-sucking heat that drains the life from your bones. Most of all, I wasn’t expecting a swarm of children to rush up to the gate, their inquisitive faces examining our group, waiting for us to walk into this run-down place that they called home. The second I walked through that gate, I was captured by the arms of several overjoyed children. I recall asking myself, “What have I done to deserve this?” I didn’t quite know the feeling; I couldn’t quite find the words.

And then I felt it. Love.

That was the moment my life changed. The restrictive pain of a Jesus-deprived life was shattered and a new brokenness entered, the brokenness of one who has seen the conditions of this world, who has walked among the least of these, who must never be the same again, who understands that only love can heal it.

No longer alone
We are reassured by the Word of God that we are never alone, never abandoned when He promises, “I will not leave you as orphans, I will come to you” (John 14:18). I was alone before I came to Casa Hogar; at least that is what the darkness desperately wanted me to believe. And that is what these children were, that was their physical reality. They were abandoned by those who were supposed to love them most. Some were beaten. Some were starved. Some were neglected.

I will never be able to understand the pain that the children of Casa Hogar have experienced. They have understood destitution, hurt, and loss, yet they give so freely and generously. They love so vividly. They move with energy. They welcome with open arms. Two years ago, I couldn’t bring myself to do any of those things. I look back at my life and it seems like another existence. There is only life before Casa Hogar and life after. Life before Jesus, and life after. I have now seen brokenness and I have been broken. However, I am not chained nor deflated by it. I am freed by it. Therefore I live with a passion. Jesus came to me. He did not leave me an orphan. He made me His own. He has instilled an ever-growing conviction in me to love others in their brokenness as he loved me.

I am ready to no longer be safe. I am ready to give up comfort. I am ready to answer the call to live in pursuit of ever-flowing, circumstance-ignoring, unadulterated love. I found that in Acapulco. I no longer see the kids at Casa Hogar as orphans, as I once believed I would. I see them as mine, as He sees me as His.

I no longer see beauty as merely beauty, nor brokenness as merely brokenness, for I have seen the beauty that springs from despair. Without Jesus we are broken and with Him we become beautiful in that very brokenness, for nothing of ourselves is good divorced from Him. And yet with Him, the work of our hands, the seemingly insignificant deeds our hearts provide through Him, can create community, can forge a love that echoes through eternity and into the home our hearts were made for.

Jesse Miller has traveled to Acapulco with Orangewood Presbyterian Church regularly since her first trip in 2012. She is currently a freshman at Seminole State College.

 
Finding Jesus in Ukraine
My Journey from Atheist to Missionary
By: Olya Powell

I was born in Odessa, Ukraine, in 1976, which at the time was part of the Soviet Union. I grew up in a typical Soviet atheist family. My parents didn’t baptize me as a child, which was the regular tradition even for unbelievers—a “just in case” thing.

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I grew up not thinking about God and faith. My parents taught me to behave well and I was a “good girl;” cigarettes, alcohol, drugs, and the dance clubs didn’t interest me. I looked “right” from the outside.

After the Soviet Union collapsed, Christianity became “in fashion” in our country. I would visit an Orthodox church sometimes, but not for a service– just to feel the atmosphere. I was even baptized in the Orthodox Church when I was 18, but it didn’t have meaning to me. I just wanted to be like other people and feel like “now God knows about me.”

In the summer of 1996, my friends invited me to go to the beach with Americans. It was my first time meeting real Christians. That day I met Doug Shepherd (MTW missionary), a few American students, and other Ukrainian believers. We had a fun time and I decided I wanted to be around them more often because their attitude toward life and love of one another was so different from anything I had ever seen. I started attending Bible studies regularly. In February 1997 I accepted my Savior and in May of 1997 I became a member of Odessa Presbyterian Church.

Since I accepted Jesus, my relationship with God has really grown. Initially, it wasn’t easy for me to see my real sins and how much I needed Him, but as I got to know God more deeply, I could see my need for Christ more clearly and started to see growth.

I began working with MTW missionaries in Odessa in 2000 as the southern Ukraine team’s financial administrator. In 2008 I decided to move to L’viv to help the L’viv team plant a new Presbyterian church. I have been here now for seven years and I love living and working here.

One of the most wonderful parts of the last seven years was getting to meet, know, and marry my husband, Jon, an MTW missionary. I moved to L’viv single, trusting God with this, knowing that if He had someone for me, then He would lead me right to him. And He definitely did! We were married in August 2011.

The last three and a half years has been a very joyful time for me, as Jon and I have gotten to know one another more deeply and serve God together in L’viv. I am very thankful for God’s work in my life and am eager to see how God will use me in the future.

 
"The Band" of Madagascar
 
MTW missionaries Rebe & Bryan McReynolds and Jed & Elly Schoepp are taking the gospel to the Sakalava people, a tribe who has literally never heard. The breakthrough came when a group local musicians began putting the newly-translated Scriptures into song. Here is a video of the band singing the Genesis song, Zagnahary Misy Marigny (Truly God Exists). Read "Sharing Lyrics from the Heart" for the full story. » View the video
 
Sharing Lyrics of the Heart
By: Rebe Mcreynolds

Learning to live in the village requires us to take notice of what is happening with our neighbors, the life of their community, and the rhythm of their responsibilities.

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Our first week in Nosy Be, Madagascar, we met “The Band,” a group of incredibly talented local musicians (and fishermen) whom God had strategically placed in our lives. With an old, worn out guitar, a few handmade percussion instruments, and voices that evoke emotion, they sang out their stories with all their souls. We quickly bonded through a love for music, and our relationship grew as we became increasingly interested in learning more about one another’s stories. But God was up to something much greater than we could have hoped for or imagined.

Our quaint fishing village sits on a small island off the northwest coast of Madagascar. The Sakalava people spend their days farming rice, raising livestock, and fishing the waters of the Indian Ocean. We arrived here two years ago, on a team committed to learning the local language and culture, creatively seeking ways to plant seeds of the gospel in a place that has not yet heard.

Scripture songs
The Band members Ladis, Matis, and Edme increasingly began visiting our home. Ladis delighted in sharing with us the lyrics of a new song he had recently written, and after plucking away a few chords and tuning up weathered instruments, The Band would sing traditional harmonies that left us eager for more. As we sat watching them write and compose these songs, the Lord put it in our hearts to ask if they would be willing to create songs from Scripture. I remember my husband Bryan saying, “Imagine giving them newly translated Scripture from Genesis, the full account of Creation, and having them put it to Sakalava rhythms and tones.” Our hearts were stirring within us— this was the Holy Spirit’s work.

During this time, a team of translators had formed and was working through the Old Testament, which meant that we could easily obtain Genesis in the Sakalava dialect. We gathered the Sakalava words of the Creation account in Genesis 1–2 and were ready to offer them to our friends. We weren’t sure how The Band would react and had doubts about whether they would agree to the idea, but we were hopeful. Bryan sat down and began to talk with them about creating a song from the Bible, and to our delight they were interested. Bryan then began to share the story of the beginning of the world as it is written in Genesis. All ears were tuned in, eyes were wide, and minds were engaged as the account unfolded in their heart language.

Time to tell the people
One year passed. We were growing in our language abilities, a network of relationships had been established, and our team was ready to begin organized ministry. It was time to tell the Sakalava people God’s beautiful love story in their heart language. What did that mean? How would we do it? We decided to start with “The Gathering,” a plan that would bring our Sakalava neighbors together to hear the stories of the Bible.

As we journeyed across the humid, jungle terrain to our first gathering place, we saw the familiar faces of friends and neighbors coming to find out what stories we had to tell. Steadily, the group grew from 20 to 50 until more than 100 of our friends were gathered together. Our hearts were bubbling up inside, a feeling of unknown adventure was on the horizon, and our plans were being piloted.

In the dirt, under mango trees, we laid out traditional grass mats where everyone gathered, placed a basket of fresh bananas in the center, and began. The Band came prepared to share the “Genesis Scripture Song,” and together we sang the words from the Bible accompanied by a traditional tune created by The Band. The full story of Creation was told that day, including a dramatic reading and concluding with this challenge: This week, as you are busy with your lives, cooking, cleaning, going to the rice fields, and fishing, think about this world we live in. God created it and said it was very good. In what ways is that still true? In what ways has our world become not good? Why?

Taking it to the streets
Last night The Band came over and we all sat under the stars as they practiced their songs in preparation for a concert on the other side of the island. They’ve now created 11 songs from Scripture, and are becoming popular across the island. Their songs are now being played on a local radio station. The band members increasingly want to know more about the God we love and serve and have said, “Since we began creating songs from Scripture, we have noticed changes in our lives. We want to do what is good and right.”

The Gatherings continue, and together with our team and The Band, we are experiencing the joy of scattering gospel seeds and the beginnings of what we pray will grow into a thriving, Sakalava church plant.

Watch a video of The Band playing their Genesis song at vimeo.com/123923394

 
Jimmy's Story
 
Jimmy is a native Cambodian who came to faith in Christ and is now leading other college students in MTW's dorm ministry. Watch this interview with Jimmy to hear his story in his own words. » View the video
 
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Reaching Students, Growing Leaders
Cambodian church provides much-needed student housing while cultivating Christian leaders.

In Cambodia buckets crackle with fire in front of people’s homes filled with "spirit money" burnt as an offering to ancestors. The fire holds a family’s hope that the dead will be appeased and bring good fortune to their living relatives.

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But Kosal’s mom was not experiencing good fortune—she was sick. And she was convinced that Kosal’s evangelistic visit to the village had angered the spirits.

Corey Young, MTW missionary in Phnom Penh, said Kosal takes enthusiasm for his Christian faith to extraordinary heights. Kosal came from his rural village to the city to attend university and moved into dorms hosted by Gospel Commission Fellowship (GCF), one of the first churches MTW missionaries partnered with in Phnom Penh. Shortly thereafter Kosal became a Christian, bursting with eagerness to share his faith.

"On his own initiative, Kosal organized a small group to go to his Buddhist village and share the gospel," said Young. For the trip, Kosal prepared special food and songs and enlisted a national believer to share the gospel.

His mom was sick during the visit, and afterward her health worsened. Kosal’s family blamed him. They said he had angered the spirits with his belief in Jesus. When Kosal’s mom came to Phnom Penh for medical treatment, the church and MTW team provided financial assistance for a Christian medical clinic and a room in the church where she could stay. Her health improved, and before she returned to her village Young was able to pray with her. The support Kosal received from the body of Christ encouraged his growing faith. And the church community was encouraged by Kosal’s report a month later: "My family is not angry at me and my mom is praying on her own."

Preparing the next generation

With 50 percent of Cambodia’s population under age 25, students—the majority of whom are Buddhist—move to Phnom Penh in vast numbers each year to attend university. Since universities don’t provide housing, students arriving from the countryside often face deplorable living conditions. Churches seized this opportunity by opening dorms to welcome students, provide safe places to live, and minister to the next generation of Cambodian leaders.

"You feel like you are at a crossroads with the future," said Young. Because the Khmer Rouge decimated the population of Cambodia in the 1970s, Young explained that calling these students the leaders of the future is not just a cliché, it’s a reality. "We have a great opportunity to be part of what God is doing in pushing back the darkness and bringing more light—in the workplace, in the government sector, and in people’s homes."

A native Cambodian, nicknamed "Jimmy," who moved to Phnom Penh four years ago for university, is one of those future leaders in the Cambodian Church. Right now Jimmy serves in the men’s dorm operated by GCF. Located above the church’s worship space and housed in a former brothel, the dorm hosts over 60 men. "Most of the students here do not believe in Jesus yet …," said Jimmy. "I heard the gospel because someone told me. It is my pleasure to have the students here and show them who Jesus is and why we believe in Him."

Jimmy’s heart for students arose out of his own story of coming to faith. "I was a person who was very selfish, had hatred inside my heart, jealous … [I was] so bad. No love," Jimmy confessed. "When I first came to the church … I was loved by them even though they were not my relatives or my friends …," he said. "It changed me day by day. Two years after that I got baptized. I realized God is real and He is true …."

Ministering in the dorm, Jimmy said he can relate to the students because he has been right where they are. He shares words of encouragement from the Scriptures during the dorm’s weekly Bible study and fellowship gatherings. "I was touched by the words of God and I know that many people will be touched by the words through the Holy Spirit."

The eagerness of new believers to share their faith and get involved with the local church amazed Emily Whitley, another MTW missionary who works at the GCF women’s dorm. "College is a time when you may give yourself a ‘free pass’ to not be involved with the local church. [These students] feel the opposite. They make such an effort," she said. Going to nearby slums, traveling to villages, and working with short-term teams, the students continually impress Whitley with their maturity. "They want to discover their gifts and use them for the church," she said.

Although they may have never imagined it, these future leaders are already being used by God to take the gospel message to their families and people across Cambodia. "I never [thought] that one day I would become a pastor. But I just devote myself to God," Jimmy said. "And what God’s will is, I will follow."

Watch the full interview with Jimmy on Vimeo.

Update 06/01/15: We just received word that Kosal’s mom passed away. Though she will have an outwardly Buddhist funeral, she did become a Christian prior to her death so there is reason to rejoice. Please pray for Kosal and the family.

 
Fully Armored
By Dr. Lloyd Kim


How do you discern simply having a bad week from being spiritually attacked? Right before some very important meetings, I caught a cold—the kind of cold that has you in bed for a couple of days with fever and chills. It was also during a time when we were wrestling with some escalating situations on different fields.

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I had also found out from my wife that our youngest child, who is 9, was crying again because she missed her life in Cambodia. Was it all just a coincidence?

During that week we were welcoming about 25 new missionaries to MTW. Several of our CMTW (Committee on Mission to the World) members were there and our chairman gave a charge to these new missionaries. He began his charge by telling them that they now have a target on their backs and will be the subject of spiritual attack. The passage he read was from Ephesians 6:10–20 describing the need to put on the full armor of God. Two things struck me from his message: (1) the reality of the enemy and his desire to distract, discourage, and destroy God’s people; and (2) the hope we have in the gospel as the foundation of the armor of God.

The reminder was timely, not only for the new missionaries, but for me as well. As the apostle Paul writes, “For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places” (Ephesians 6:12, ESV).

Interestingly enough, I had a restless night soon after because of a bad dream. In the dream these strange people were attacking me and my family. We all had guns and were shooting back at these enemies. When I awoke, my heart was still pounding. I couldn’t help but make a connection with the dream and being attacked by the evil one, so I prayed for God’s protection over our family. When I shared this with my wife in the morning, she laughed and reminded me that I had a Nerf battle with my kids the night before and that maybe I carried that battle into my dreams … hmmm?

Would you pray for God’s protection over these new missionaries and our MTW family as we engage in God’s kingdom work?

The 5 Types of Stress Every Missionary Faces
By Chery Flores

The DAR debriefing retreat I attended last week was a wonderful time with 36 other missionaries and 25 children to consider the common joys, challenges and stresses we face serving cross culturally. I left very encouraged, more relaxed about how I'm adapting to life in the States, and with some new tools to help me take good care of myself.


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Three topics we discussed really grabbed my attention: Stress, transitions, and identity. We talked about five categories of stress that missionaries face. When we made a comprehensive list of the stress experienced by my group, I was sobered by how much stress missionaries experience on a daily and cumulative basis. I gained a renewed appreciation for how much stress I've experienced living in Spain (even though I really enjoy being there). I realized my attitude has been "just do it" (common to all missionaries) and I've failed to appreciate how accumulated stress impacted me.

Below are the five main categories of cross-cultural stress, followed by some of the specific stressors in each category that have affected those in my group.

1. Situational Factors: Dirt everywhere; pollution; earthquakes; team conflict; heat and humidity; leadership problems; constant turnover of teammates; changes in leadership structure; government bureaucracy; being hassled at road checkpoints; corruption/lack of integrity; spouse's workload; unable to form close friendships; loss of relational/emotional support; poor heating; frozen water pipes; isolation and loneliness.

2. Daily Hassles: Communication challenges; language learning; crowded public transportation; changing schedules and plans; no hot water; constant interruptions; filtering water; bike stolen; adjusting to local babysitters; not being "one of them;" being a minority; beggars everywhere; parenting difficulties; always more to do than time allows; everything takes longer; shopping; car repairs; daily life tasks; noisy living environment.

3. Life Events: Missing birth of grandchildren; death of parents and family members; moving overseas with 6-month-old; miscarriage; pregnancy; children moving on; moving many times; residency renewal issues; adjusting to new city, home, language, and culture; changing friendships; no stable place to stay when in USA; major illness; surgery; move from city to village.

4. Traumatic Events: Confronting thief in my home; near fatal accidents; seeing fatal accidents; chronic poverty we can't escape; not being with my sister when she almost died; marriage issues; feeling non-supported by our church; protecting children from dangerous local events; unplanned return to U.S. due to terrorism or residency issues; struggling with cultural adaptation; "American-ness" affects work with nationals; mass exodus of teammates.

5. Personality/Gender: Living in a male-dominated culture as a woman; being an extroverted woman in a culture where women are to be silent; living in fatalistic culture; perfectionism; struggling with being performance driven; trying to live up to expectations of adopted culture; questions about singleness; an extrovert working alone; confronting American stereotypes; need for more down time; private personality in a very nosy culture; being a control freak.

As I listened to these stressors being read out loud, I was a bit overwhelmed as I considered how much stress we deal with as missionaries. As a group, we were amazed and almost speechless when we saw the degree of stress that accompanies missionary life.

I so appreciate the continued prayers of friends and supporters during my HMA (Home Missionary Assignment), as I dedicate time to reflect upon the joys, challenges, and stresses I've experienced during the past seven years. In addition to the stressor categories I mentioned above, I was reminded that I've gone through six transitions since June 2008. My reaction was, "No wonder I've been feeling so tired!" I left the retreat recognizing that one reason God brought me back on an unscheduled furlough is to have time to rest and renew my energy, to reflect upon and process my missionary journey thus far, and to prepare for my return to Spain, which, Lord willing, will be this fall.

Chery Flores is an MTW missionary serving in Spain.

 
Hope for the Scattered South Sudanese Refugees Find Hope in Uganda

By Phil Mobley

The Rev. James Bab was already on foreign soil in late 2013 on the day he became a refugee. In the middle of December, civil war came to his homeland of South Sudan when conflict broke out between the president and a political rival. Bab was visiting Uganda when the shooting started.

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Unable to return home and aware that his family was imperiled, he soon received tragic news from friends in the network of six churches he helped plant in South Sudan. As he wrote in January of 2014: "As a church [we have] lost many beloved brothers and sisters, [which] means we have orphans, widows, and widowers." Since then, three of the congregations have managed to continue meeting despite the conflict, but the others have been scattered. Also dispersed was a group of 60 pastors Bab had been mentoring in the town of Bentiu, several of whom were killed.

The young nation of South Sudan, founded only in 2011, had devolved into ethnic warfare between the Dinka and the Nuer, two of the country's largest traditional groups. Many thousands have been killed since the fighting began, with many hundreds of thousands displaced.

A clean and clear theology
Though not at home, Bab was among friends in Uganda. One of them was Don McNeill, part of the MTW team in Kampala, the nation's capital. The team's primary emphasis has been providing theological training to pastors and church planters like Bab, which they do in partnership with Westminster Theological College (WTC). (See the sidebar at the end of this story for more on MTW's theological training efforts in Uganda.) McNeill first met Bab in 2007 and knew him throughout Bab's Bible college days.

When Bab first arrived at WTC, he—like many others before and since—had a Bible, but no other books or teaching resources. He had very little historical or doctrinal knowledge to guide his interpretation of the Bible. He also barely spoke English, which meant he was learning language alongside theology. "Don and the team taught us very clean and clear biblical theology," Bab said. "They generously gave us books and Kindles."
The training was invaluable to Bab as he returned to South Sudan in 2011 where he planted churches and trained pastors. And his relationship with the MTW team proved fruitful in crisis when the team was able to supply financing and logistical assistance to get his family out of South Sudan in the spring of 2014. The reunited family now lives at the Kiryandongo U.N. refugee settlement in Uganda.

Crisis with kingdom opportunities
According to the office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, nearly 140,000 South Sudanese refugees were in Uganda as of January, a figure that is expected to double by year's end. Bab and MTW have been diligent in seizing the kingdom opportunity afforded by this crisis. As he had done before, Bab planted a church—this time among the South Sudanese refugees in Uganda. With some financial assistance from MTW and various individuals, the church put up walls and a tin-sheet roof. At the same time, they worked together to bring more people safely to Uganda.

In April of 2014, MTW Compassion funds helped provide travel costs and border fees for 99 refugees from Juba, the South Sudan capital. Most of them were particularly vulnerable: widows and orphans, the sick and disabled. Their arrival on a Sunday via a fleet of large vans they called "taxis" touched off celebratory worship. More joined them in September, again financed by donations coordinated by MTW and believers in Kampala, who also helped provide clothing. Bab continues to raise money to bring even more taxis full of his countrymen to safety.

A fruitful sojourn
Led in part by the theological perspective he gained at WTC, Bab sees God's sovereignty at work at Kiryandongo, despite the horror of civil war and ethnic strife. In fact he even reminded friends in a series of text messages that we should not be surprised to see such events, since Jesus Himself warned us they would come in Matthew 24. "When my family was caught in war-torn South Sudan, I felt bad, but my motto is 'God is in control'—and He actually is! My faith was strengthened. When they came out, I praised God for His protection."

Bab also sees God's hand in the mix of people who, though all South Sudanese, come from different places and are different colors. "Galatians 3:28 says that in Christ we are one," Bab said. "I am now connected with many people I did not dream I would meet." Their joy and unity has not gone unnoticed among the U.N. workers at the camp, who initially marveled at the uplifted countenance of people forced from their homes and carrying precious little with them.

During their sojourn as refugees, Bab has not lost sight of the possibilities for this latest church plant. His vision goes far beyond the refugee camp, and it is borne of the simplest of strategies. "My aim is to let the people I meet know Jesus and be saved—like me!" he said. "Then those who are saved will serve God and teach others everywhere they go."

"James is still training pastors," said his old instructor Don McNeill. "After the war, there will be even more people trained to carry on church-planting work." McNeill and Steven Edging, MTW missionary and coordinator for the South Sudanese relief project, have also taught in the camp.

All three men long to see the gospel multiply in South Sudan. For now, they wait and learn. It is not yet safe to return, though they pray that it will be soon. Then the band of refugees will "scatter" anew, this time not to flee from war, but to sow seeds. Both James Bab and Don McNeill have seen enough to trust in God to make them grow.

You can help South Sudanese refugees by making a donation to MTW's South Sudanese Refugee Project.
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The Importance of Theological Training
MTW focuses on theological training at Westminster Theological College (WTC) in Uganda and through dozens of independent pastoral training centers initiated and coordinated by African leaders, many of them former graduates of WTC.

Missionary Don McNeill and Bruce Sinclair, MTW Uganda team leader, teach at some of these centers in Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda. Jeff Borden, MTW missionary and MINTS International Seminary coordinator for Africa, has seen an explosive interest in the MINTS study center paradigm, reaching pastors who don't have the opportunity to study at residential schools.

According to McNeill, who taught at WTC from 2007-2011, this type of training can be a slow process, particularly because many African pastors do not initially see the need. After all, their congregations are growing rapidly as the Holy Spirit brings new believers. But McNeill has seen great benefit come to these newly trained leaders. Many beginning students approach Christianity legalistically; learning more about the doctrines of grace proves corrective and liberating in their understanding of justification and sanctification.

McNeill also has seen theological training manifest itself in practical attitudinal and behavioral changes. "Many students believed that working in the fields was beneath the dignity of an educated person," he explained. "We teach them about the dignity of all labor before God, and many come to an understanding that manual labor is as sacred as preaching a sermon."

McNeill is encouraged to see leaders impacted by truth. "God uses solid biblical teaching to reach His people," said McNeill. "Very often, as the leadership goes, so goes the church."

"Hope for the Scattered" is the cover story for the 2015 Spring/Summer issue of Network magazine. Magazine copies available free of charge upon request. Email info@mtw.org.

Assessment Team Heads to Nepal


Our Global Disaster Response ministry deploys an Advanced Needs Assessment (ANAT) team to Nepal Monday, May 4 to arrive in Nepal May 5. The goal of the team is to meet with national partners and visit churches in Nepal's Emmanuel Church network to assess the needs and develop a course of action for further response.

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The assessment team is going in response to the 7.8 earthquake devastated Nepal on Saturday, April 25, 2015. As of this writing, more than 7,000 have lost their lives and thousands more are injured and homeless.

Our national partners are experiencing the devastating effects of the earthquake firsthand. Seventeen people died while gathered for worship in one of the Emmanuel network churches. (Nepal churches worship on Saturday.) In total 23 believers involved with MTW partner churches have died. Many more have lost their homes. One partner church, though significantly damaged itself, has become a temporarily shelter for 150 community members who've lost their homes. Those seeking shelter there are sleeping within the walls of the church compound (which also houses a Bible school, children's home, widow's home, and home for widows) though they are sleeping outdoors due to the constant threat of aftershocks.

Our Global Disaster Response efforts are always coordinated in connection with the local church, making MTW unique. All donations will have a direct impact on MTW partner communities. The assessment team will look at the best ways to provide for these partner church communities to help them rebuild and heal from the devastating impact of a disaster

We are asking for help in three ways: First and foremost-pray for MTW's national partners and their congregations in Nepal. Then consider an online donation to help meet critical needs in the wake of this disaster. And finally, share a bulletin insert and PowerPoint slide in church this Sunday (available at www.mtw.org/disaster.

For more information visit www.mtw.org/disaster, or follow MTW updates on Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram.

 
Ebola Follow Up
By John Sexton

The American news is so fickle! We have heard virtually nothing about the Ebola epidemic in West Africa for many weeks. However, the epidemic still has been present there. The good news is the number of Ebola cases is decreasing.

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In fact, there is a possible vaccine for it now, but it cannot be tested due to the decreasing numbers of cases. The bad news is that Ebola is now present in West Africa and will probably periodically crop up in the future. We are taking advantage of the interest in preventing Ebola to teach general health concepts in these countries.

Last March, Hugh Davis and I taught students from a West Africa seminary to be health teachers. I was also able to return in September and give them further training in Ebola prevention. In the U.S. in February I was able to meet with church leaders from the region. During these meetings, the leaders shared how the students trained in September have taught in a variety of settings. They have plans to do health and evangelism outreach to 25 towns. This will be a mixture of Ebola teaching, general health teaching, and evangelism. I will be joining them in the next few weeks as they reach out to five of these towns.

It is such a delight to see these churches have such a spiritual zeal and also a zeal for helping those they meet throughout their communities. In addition to the above projects, I was able to go to a "new" country and train their church planters to be health teachers. Their goal is to offer help to all throughout their country. They also would like to have a course on "Serving in the Community" which we have taught in a neighboring country. I am praying that another missionary living in this area will teach it with me, enabling more duplicating of ministry.

Pray the outreach of the national Church that the listeners will take the health teaching to heart, and that God's word will also penetrate their hearts.

John Sexton is an MTW missionary and nurse practitioner. If you're a health educator and want to learn more about volunteering, email medical@mtw.org.

 
What Is Reality?
By Kathleen Shumate

Jonathan and I have begun to feel the stirrings of homesickness. Everyday life (especially with kids) has its routines and doesn't allow for a lot of sitting around and contemplating. You just do it. Of course you speak Chinese if you go out in public. Of course you walk half a mile to the market in the alleyway to get the best deal on vegetables. Of course you breathe in the heady scent of cherry blossoms and revel in the shocking green of spring, and also earn a dozen or so mosquito bites whenever you step outside.

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Of course we provide entertainment to dozens of people on the MRT (metro), either because we are wearing only one layer of clothing in the winter, or because the baby is toppling over from belly laughing at an impromptu game of peekaboo.

Of course. But then I remember the old "of courses," and I recall that life is a little different now. Mainly I miss the friends and churches we love, but I even feel a yearning for things I never thought were special, like driving to H.E.B. to buy whatever groceries we crave. It's in those moments that it hits me: we moved to a new country. What on earth? What were we thinking??

It's not that I don't like it here. I love our new home with all my heart, not because I have a naïve view of it, but because God made this land and people and they are lovely. It's ok to feel the paradox of loving two places, without forgetting our previous home of decades. Thankfully we can keep up with our loved ones from a distance, but I know that what used to be home to us will never be the same. People will move, or move on, and our lives will not intertwine in exactly the same way. We'll miss their special times and they'll miss ours.

The good thing about this tension is that it forces me to face Reality, the Reality that's so easy to forget when we are comfortable: We aren't meant to spend our lives honing a system of maximum pleasure and comfort. We are meant to spend our very selves for God's kingdom. We are here not because we have calculated that settling in Taiwan will give us the best possible life. We are here in answer to God's call: as beggars who have been given bread, eager to share this bread with anyone we can, in a place where most people are living and dying without Christ. We are here to be a small part of God's plan, watching in awe as He expands His kingdom to include every tribe, every tongue, every nation.

Kathleen Shumate and her husband Jonathan are serving with MTW at Christ's College in Taiwan. You can follow Kathleen on her blog at www.adventurersarewe.com/blog.

 
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